England in French Translation: +Useful British Country Terms (+audio)

101 Cute & romantic French terms of endearment and nicknames

Ever wonder why England is called England? Here’s why, plus here’s how to say England in French and a few other useful British country vocabulary word translations with audio.

Country Name: England to French Translation

Sometimes the names of countries are the same or similar across other spoken languages. Canada, for example, sounds virtually the same in every language. 

Then there’s “England,” which is spelled like it is in English in some European languages like German, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian.

In other languages, “England” doesn’t quite sound the same as it does in English, but it’s still recognizable, even if you don’t speak that other language.

Can you recognize these? “Englanti” (Finnish), “Engeland” (Dutch), or “Englandi” (Icelandic.)

You might be interested in reading: 100 Country Names +Their Nationalities In French: Masculine Or Feminine?

The word “England” in French is another story.

The French word for “England” is “Angleterre

Unlike the examples I gave above, the French word for England is almost unrecognizable to anyone who doesn’t speak or understand at least a little French. 

Why the big difference? 

How to say England in French

Angleterre

Pronounced: \On-Gluh-Tear\

England & Angleterre = Land of the Angles

At first glance, “England” and “Angleterre” look unrelated; however, if you dig a little deeper, you begin to see a connection. 

The English word England comes from Old English, Engla land, which like the French word, “Angleterre” means “land of the Angles.”

Over the course of time, the “a” from “Engla land” was dropped from the old English word, something that linguists call haplology. 

In some languages, the word for England sounds very similar to the French word . 

In Romanian, Polish, Russian and Greek, for example, the word for “England” all sound similar to “Anglia.”

Who were the Angles?

The Angles, along with the Saxons, Jutes, and Frisians, wetter Germanic tribes originally from current-day northern Germany, Denmark and Holland.

Together, they were formed a very powerful group and were the main Germanic tribes that invaded Britain in the 5th century, forming Anglo-Saxon England.

Some historians believe the Angles were called the Angles because of the area they originally inhabited, the Anglia Peninsula (Angeln in modern German, Angel in Danish).

ANGLO-SAXON word origin

The term “Anglo-Saxon” combines the names of the Angles and the Saxons and was first used around the 8th century. 

Other words in the English language are also named after the Angles, including:

  • Anglican
  • Anglo
  • Anglophone
  • Anglophil
  • Anglophobe

In French, there are just as many words related to the Angles. 

  • Anglais
  • Anglophone
  • Anglomanie
  • Anglophile

Why was England named after the Angles and not the Saxons?

Theoretically, England could have become “Saxonland” or “land of the Saxons” instead of  Engla land, then England. How and why England was named after the Angles tribe and not the Saxons is not known.

Naming places after the people that inhabited lands was not uncommon, and many places, not just England, were named this way. 

For example, Paris was named after a Gallic Celtic tribe called the Parisii, who lived on the banks of Paris’s Seine river during the Iron Age and through the Roman era.

France was named after the Franks, a germanic people who inhabited France

But the Saxon name isn’t completely gone. It lives on in names such as Wessex, Sussex, Essex, and Middlesex which were named after the old Saxon kingdoms and the people who inhabited them: West Saxons, South Saxons, East Saxons, and Middle Saxons.

The word for England in Scottish Gaelic is “Sasainn,” and an English person is “Sassenach” in Gaelic and “Saesneg” in Welsh. All from the word Saxon.

Let”s move on to some other useful country terms in French for Great Britain. 

Other useful Britsh country terms.

How to say English in French!

Anglais

Pronounced: On-Glay

How to say the United Kingdom in French!

Le Royaume-Uni

Pronounced: \Luh-Roy-Ohm-Uny\

How to say Great Britain in French!

La Grande-Bretagne

Pronounced: Lah-Gron-Bruh-Tanyuh

How to say Wales in French

Pays de Galles,” “country of the Galles.”

Pronounced: \Payee-duh-Gal\

The second language spoken in Wales is Welsh which is called Gallois” in French.

How to say Scotland in French

L’Écosse

Pronounced: \Lay-Kosse\

How to say Church of England in French

Église d’Angleterre

Pronounced: \Ay-Gleeze-Don-Glah-Tear\

 The other term for the Church of England is Anglican church which in French is “l’Église anglicane.”

Here’s how to pronounce Anglicane in French.

Anglican(e)

Pronounced: \On-Glee-Con\

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