99 Country Names And Nationalities In French: + Their Genders

101 Cute & romantic French terms of endearment and nicknames

This list has over 100 country names in French and English and their corresponding nationalities in French. I've also included some tips on how to know if a country or nationality is masculine or feminine.

Rules to Remember About Country Names And Nationalities In French

If you speak English, you're in luck because many country names in French and nationalities in French look or sound very similar to English.

For example, here are few country names in French you might recognize.

Denmark is Danemark, France is France, Japan is Japon. Not all country names are that similar to English for example England in French is Angleterre

What trips people up the most when it comes to country names and nationalities in French are:

  1. Masculine and Feminine genders
  2. When to capitalize and when not to capitalize.

Let's quickly go through some rules and then move on to the list of country names and nationalities in French below. Or if you know all the rules, you can just skip to the list by scrolling down.

ARTICLES:

  • THE: LE (m,) LA (f), LES (pl)
  • A, AN, or ONE: UN (m), UNE (f), DES (pl)

1) Never Capitalize Languages

When dealing with countries and nationalities, language is bound to come up. Fortunately, they're easy to deal with because languages are never capitalized.

Here are some example phrases using languages.

  • Do you speak French?
    • Est ce que vous parlez français?
  • You speak English very well. 
    • Vous parlez très bien anglais.
  • I love speaking French with the French
    • J'adore parler français avec les Français.

2) Country names in French: Masculin or Feminine?

**When it comes to capitalization, country names are always capitalized in French because they are proper nouns.

**The gender of country names in French will either be feminine or masculine and never change.

But how do you know if a country is masculine or feminine?

It's actually pretty easy! If you memorize some simple rules and know a few exceptions to the rules, you'll never forget a country's gender.

Let's go through them now.

Feminine Country Names

In French, country names that end in -E are always feminine.

They use the article -la (or -l' if the country starts with a vowel.)

  • l'Angleterre
  • l'Italie
  • la France
  • la Tunisie
  • la Thaïlande

There is an exception to this rule. There are 6 countries that end with -E, which are masculine. (see next section about masculine country names)

Masculine Country Names

The only 6 countries that end with -E, that are masculine are: 

  1. le Belize
  2. le Cambodge
  3. le Mexique
  4. le Mozambique
  5. le Suriname
  6. le Zimbabwe

Any country name that does not end with an -E is masculine. These masculine countries take the article -le.

  • Le Guatemala
  • Le Japon
  • Le Maroc
  • Le Portugal

Some countries, like the United States, are always plural and take the article -les

  • Les États-Unis
  • Les Bahamas
  • Les Bermudes
  • Les Comores
  • Les Émirats arabes unis
  • Les Fidgi
  • Les Îles Féroé
  • Les Pays-Bas
  • Les Philippines
  • Les Seychelle

3) Nationalities In French (masculine and feminine?)

"Nationalité"

Below are some silly phrases I made up to highlight capitalization and gender for nationalities and languages.

Without knowing the rules, you might be wondering why some are capitalized, while others are not. Or how nationality can be masculine and feminine in the same phrase?

  • Les Français parlent le français avec la Française en France.
    • The French speak French with the French person in France
  • François est français et Isabelle est française
    • Francois is French, and Isabelle is French
Here are the rules to remember when it comes to Nationalities!
**CAPITALIZE NATIONALITIES when they are used as nouns and refer to an inhabitant of a country.
**DO NOT CAPITALIZENATIONALITIES when they are used as adjectives to modify a noun.
**GENDER OF NATIONALITY must agree with the gender of the subject. This means genders can change for nationalities, unlike countries that are either masculine or feminine and never change.

Nationality and gender (if it's used as a proper noun)

In the two phrases below, nationality is used as a noun, so it's capitalized. The gender of the nationality is masculine in sentence one but feminine in phrase two because it has to agree with the object in each phrase, un, and une. 

  • I spoke with an English person.
    • J’ai parlé avec un Anglais.(m)
    • J'ai parlé avec une Anglaise.(f)

IMPORTANT:

In the French phrase "je suis français" (I am French), the word "français" is a noun, so shouldn't it be capitalized?

Non!  L’Académie française has a special rule when stating a nationality like this and treats it the same as an adjective so nationality should not be capitalized.. 

  • I am French
    • Man: Je suis français
    • Woman: Je suis française
  • I am English
    • Man: Je suis anglais
    • Woman Je suis anglaise

Nationality and gender (If used as an adjective)

In the example below, nationality is not capitalized because it's used as an adjective.  

Also, notice how the gender of the nationality changes from masculine and feminine.

The French word Film is masculine so the nationality must also be masculine. The French word "émission" is feminine so the nationality must also be in feminine form. 

  • A French film
    • Un film français.
  • A French show
    • Une émission française

4) How to write nationalities in masculin and feminine form (cheat Sheat)

Making a nationality masculine or feminine is really simple. It it ends in -ais, -ois, or -ain, add and (e) to the end. If it ends in -en, add (ne). 

Here's a cheat sheet with examples below. 

Masculine

(m)

Feminine

(f)

NATIONALITIES

examples

-ais

-aise

(français, française), (anglais, anglaise), (japonais, japonaise), etc.

-ois

-oise

(chinois, chinoise), (suédois, suédoise), (danois, danoise, (québécois, québécoise), etc.

-ain

-aine

(américain, américaine), (mexicain, mexicaine), (cubain, cubaine), etc.

-en

-enne

(canadien, canadienne), (australien, australienne), etc.

List of Countries And Nationalities In French & Genders
***Starts Here****

MAP OF EU: Cyprus is part of EU

On to the list.

I have not included every single world country and nationality but there are roughly 100 or so including French territories and the names of the continents in French and English towards the end of this article. 

EUROPE, EU, EEU, And EFTA Countries

*includes all 27 EU countries

ENGLISH

m/f

FRENCH

NATIONALITY

Albania

(f) l'

Albanie

Albanais(e)

Andorra

(European microstate)

(f) l'

Andorre

Andorran(e)

Austria (EU)

(f) l'

Autriche

Autrichien(ne)

Belgium  (EU)

(f) la

Belgique

*Belge

Bulgaria  (EU)

(f) la

Bulgarie

*Bulgare

Croatia (EU)

(f) la

Croatie

*Croate

Cyprus (EU)

W Asia Continent

(f) No article

Chypre

*Chypriote

Czechoslovakia (EU)

(f) la

Tchécoslovaquie

*Tchèque

Denmark (EU)

(m) le

Danemark

Danois(e)

England

(brexit)

(f) l'

Angleterre

Je suis Anglais(e)

Finland (EU)

(f) la

Finlande

Finlandais(e)

France (EU)

(f) la

France

Française(e)

Germany (EU)

(f) l'

Allemagne

Allemagne(e)

Greece (EU)

(f) la

Grèce

Grec(que)

Hungary (EU)

(f) l'

Hongrie

hongrois(e)

Iceland (EEA) (EFTA)

(f) l'

Islande

Islandais(e)

Ireland (EU)

(f) l'

Irlande

Irlandais(e)

Italy (EU)

(f) l'

Italie

Italien(ne)

Latvia (EU)

(f) la

Lettonie

Letton(ne)

Liechtenstein (EEA) (EFTA)

(m) le

Liechtenstein

Liechtensteinois(e)

Lithuania (EU)

(f) la

Lituanie

Lituanien(ne)

Luxembourg (EU)

(m) le

Luxemburg

Luxembourgeois(e)

Malta (EU)

(f) No article

Malte

Maltais(e)

Monaco

(European microstate)

(m) No article

Monaco

*Monégasque

Netherlands (EU)

aka (Holland)

(m) les

Pays-Bas

Néerlandais(e)

Norway (EEA) (EFTA)

(f) la

Norvège

Norvégien(ne)

Poland (EU)

(f) la

Pologne

Polonais(e)

Portugal (EU)

(m) le

Portugal

Portugais(e)

Romania (EU)

(f) la

Roumanie

Roumain(e)

Slovakia (EU)

(f) la

Slovaquie

*Slovaque

Slovenia (EU)

(f) la

Slovénie

*Slovène

Spain (EU)

(f) l'

Espagne

Espagnol(e)

Sweden (EU)

(f) la

Suède

Suédois(e)

Switzerland (EFTA)

(f) la

Suisse

*Suisse

Ukrane

(f) l'

Ukraine

Ukrainien(ne)

Vatican
(European microstate)

(m) le

Vatican

Vatican(e)

NORTH AMERICA

ENGLISH

m/f

FRENCH

NATIONALITY

Canada

(m) le

Canada

Canadien(ne)

United States Of America

(m) les

États-Unis d'Amérique

Américain(e)

Mexico

(m) le

Mexique

Mexicain(e)

ASIA (South Eastern & Eastern)

ENGLISH

m/f

FRENCH

NATIONALITY

Brunei

(m) le

Brunéi

Brunéien(ne)

Cambodia

(m) le

Cambodge

Cambodgien(ne)

China

(f) la

Chine

Chinois(e)

India

(f) l'

Inde

Indien(ne)

Indonesia

(f) l'

Indonésie

Indonésien(ne)

Japan

(m) le

Japon

Japonais(e)

Korea

(m) le

Corée

Coréen(ne)

Laos

(m) le

Laos

Laotien(ne)

Malaysia

(f) la

Malaise

Malais(e)

Mongolia

(f) la

Mongolie

*Mongole

Myanmar

(f) la

Myanmar

(or) Birmanie

Myanmarais(e)

Nepal

(m) le

Népal

Népalais(e)

Philippines

(f) les

Philippines

*Philippine

Singapore

(m) No article

Singapour

Singapourien(ne)

Taiwan

(m) le

Taiwan

Taïwanais(e)

Thailande

(f) la

Thaïlande

Thaïlandais(e)

Vietnam

(m) le

Vitenam

Vietnamien(ne)

ASIA (Western)

ENGLISH

m/f

FRENCH

NATIONALITY

Armenia

(f) l'

Arménie

Arménien(ne)

Azerbaijan

(m) l'

Azerbaïdjan

Azerbaïdjanais(e)

Bahrain

(m) No article

Bahreïn

Bahreïnien(ne)

Georgia

(f) la

Géorgie

Géorgien(ne)

Iran

(m) l'

Iran

Iranien(ne)

Iraq

(m) l'

Irak

Irakien(ne)

Israël

(m) No article

Israël

Israélien(ne)

Jordan

(f) la

Jordanie

Jordanien(ne)

Kuwait

(m) le

Koweït

Koweïtien(ne)

Lebanon

(m) le

Liban

Libanais(e)

Oman

(m) No article

Oman

Omanais(e)

Qatar

(m) le

Qatar

Qatarien(ne)

*sometimes Qatari

Saudi Arabia

(f) l'

Arabie saoudite

Saoudien(ne)

State of Palestine

(f) la

Palestine

Palestinien(ne)

Syria

(f) la

Syrie

Syrien(ne)

Turkey

(f) la

Turquie

Turc
Turque

United Arab Emirates

(m) les

Émirats arabes unis

Émirien(ne)

*sometimes Émirati

Yemen

(m) le

Yémen

*Yéménite

NORTH AFRICA

ENGLISH

m/f

FRENCH

NATIONALITY

Algeria

(f) l'

Algérie

Algérien(ne)

Egypt

(f) l'

Égypte

Égyptien(ne)

Libya

(f) la

Libye

Libanais(e)

Mauritania

(f) la

Mauritanie

Mauritanien(ne)

Morocco

(m) le

Maroc

Marocain(e)

Sudan

(m) le

Soudan

Soudanais(e)

Tunisia

(f) la

Tunisie

Tunisien(ne)

FRENCH OVERSEAS TERRITORIES

France d'outre-mer (DROM-COM)

France has 13 distinct overseas territories. Only 11 of have permanent populations.

ENGLISH

m/f

FRENCH

Note

Clipperton Island

(m) le

Clipperton

Uninhabited 6 km2 (2.3 sq mi) ring-shaped coral reef in the eastern Pacific Ocean

French Guiana

(f) la

Guyane

In northern Atlantic coast of South America

French Polynesia

(f) la

Polynésie française

Located in the South Pacific Ocean halfway between California & Australia

French Southern And Antarctic Lands

les

Terres australes et antarctiques françaises

No permanent residents: mainly seasonal military personnel, scientific researchers and support staff.

Guadeloupe

(f) la

Guadeloupe

Island located in French Caribbean sea islands 577 km from Puerto Rico

Martinique

(f) la

Martinique

Island located in the Caribbean Sea. 714 km from Puerto Rico. 

Mayotte

(f) la

Mayotte

Island that is part of the Comoros archipelago off the coast of Africa

New Caledonia

(f) la

Nouvelle-Calédonie

Located 900 miles (1,500 km) east of Australia

Réunion

(f) la

Réunion

Island in the Indian Ocean about 900 km from Madagascar

Saint Barthélemy

(f) la

Saint-Barthélemy

Island in the Caribbean Sea about 400 from Puerto Rico

Saint Martin

(m) le

Saint-Martin

Island in the Caribbean Sea about 374 from Puerto Rico

Saint Pierre And Miquelon

(m) le

Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon

Off the coast of Newfoundland Canada

Wallis and Futuna

(m) le

Wallis-et-Futuna

3 main islands a number of tiny islets located 280 km northeast of Fiji. Geographically part of western Polynesia

CONTINENTS

ENGLISH

FRENCH

Africa

l'Afrique (f)

Asia

l'Asie (f)

America

*North America

**South America

l'Amerique  (f)

*l'Amérique du nord (f)

**l'Amérique du sud (f)

Antarctica

l'Antartique (f)

Europe

l'Europe (f)

Oceania

l'Océanie (f)

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