France Time Zones Explained: Why are there 13?

Discover the truth about time zones in France. Contrary to popular belief, France has 13 different time zones. Learn why and where they are.

By Annie André ⦿ updated January 10, 2024  
father of time man wearing a bowler hat, suit and red tie with a clock for a face and head
father of time man wearing a bowler hat, suit and red tie with a clock for a face and head

How many time zones does France have?

If you ask someone how many time zones France has, most would probably reply that France has one time zone. But this isn’t correct. In actuality, France has 13 time zones, thanks to its overseas territories, including France’s claim to Adélie Land in Antarctica, which is in timezone UTC+05:10. That’s more than any other country in the world, including Russia. 

Some sources say France only has 12 time zones because most countries don’t recognize France’s claim on Adélie Land in Antarctica. Only 7 countries maintain territorial claims in Antarctica (Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom) 

RELATED:  How do time zones work and why do we have them?

Where are France’s time zones located?

Here’s a look at France’s time zones organized by UTC, including daylight savings.

In France’s case, only two places in France observe daylight savings. 

  • UTC +02:00: Metropolitan France, the part of France that is in Europe
  • UTC−02:00: Saint Pierre and Miquelon, France’s territory off the coast of Canada. Follows the US and Canadian schedules for daylight savings. 

We usually don’t count daylight savings as an additional time zone. 

  Standard time Summer
(daylight savings)
1 UTC−10:00   Society Islands and Tuamotus Austral Islands
2 UTC−09:30   Marquesas Islands
3 UTC−09:00   Gambier Islands
4 UTC−08:00   Clipperton Island
5 UTC−04:00 (AST)   Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin
6 UTC−03:00 (PMST)   French Guiana
UTC−03:00 UTC−02:00.
2nd Sunday in March to 2nd Sunday in November
(same as US & Canada)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
(Off the coast of Canada)
7 UTC+01:00 (CET) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October
Metropolitan France Time Zone
(Central European France and Paris time)
8 UTC+03:00   Mayotte & Scattered Islands (group of islands near Madagascar Indian Ocean
9 UTC+04:00   Réunion, Crozet Islands (in the southern Indian Ocean)
10 UTC+05:00   Kerguelen Islands, Saint Paul and Amsterdam Islands
11 UTC+05:10   Adélie Land (French claim on the continent of Antarctica)
Not recognized by many countries
12 UTC+11:00   New Caledonia
13 UTC+12:00   Wallis and Futuna

France’s time zones by region and territories

Here is a different look at France’s time zones by region/territory.

(Daylight savings)time
French Polynesia Society, Tuamotu and
Austral islands
Marquesas Islands UTC−09:30  
Gambier Islands UTC−09:00  
Clipperton Island   UTC−08:00  
Guadeloupe   UTC−04:00  
Martinique   UTC−04:00  
Saint Barthélemy   UTC−04:00  
Saint Martin   UTC−04:00  
French Guiana   UTC−03:00  
Saint Pierre and Miquelon   UTC−03:00 UTC−02:00
Metropolitan France Europe/Paris UTC+01:00 UTC+02:00
Mayotte   UTC+03:00  
Réunion   UTC+04:00  
French Southern and Antarctica Lands
(Uninhabited except for transient
Scattered Islands UTC+03:00  
Crozet Islands UTC+04:00  
Kerguelen, Saint Paul
and Amsterdam islands
Adélie Land UTC+10:00  
New Caledonia   UTC+11:00  
Wallis and Futuna   UTC+12:00  

Wrapping up France time zones

The next time someone asks you about France’s time zones, you can blow them away with your time zone knowledge.

Disclosure: This post may contain affiliate links, meaning I get a 'petite commission' at no extra cost to you if you make a purchase through my links. It helps me buy more wine and cheese. Please read my disclosure for more info.

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Annie André

Annie André

About the author

I'm Annie André, a bilingual North American with Thai and French Canadian roots. I've lived in France since 2011. When I'm not eating cheese, drinking wine or hanging out with my husband and children, I write articles on my personal blog for intellectually curious people interested in all things France: Life in France, travel to France, French culture, French language, travel and more.

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